In this guide, we walk through how to set up a time and motion study to maximize your labor and improve workforce productivity. What’s the best way to perform a task? Time and motion studies are a scientific way of cutting to the core of that question. Simply put, “motion” entails the movements related to a task, and “time” is the duration it takes to complete a task. If we’re all doing the same task independently, the person who finishes the fastest, using the most effective “movements,” creates the best way of getting the job done without continuous observation.